## function to compute average homozygosity within a person

 hom {GenABEL} R Documentation

## function to compute average homozygosity within a person

### Description

This function computes average homozygosity (inbreeding) for a set of people, across multiple markers. Can be used for Quality Control (e.g. contamination checks)

### Usage

	hom(data, snpsubset, idsubset, snpfreq, n.snpfreq = 1000)


### Arguments

 data Object of gwaa.data-class or snp.data-class snpsubset Subset of SNPs to be used idsubset People for whom average homozygosity is to be computed snpfreq when option weight="freq" used, you can provide fixed allele frequencies n.snpfreq when option weight="freq" used, you can provide a vector supplying the number of people used to estimate allele frequencies at the particular marker, or a fixed number

### Details

Homozygosity is measured as proportion of homozygous genotypes observed in a person.

Inbreeding for person i is estimated with

f_i = ((O_i - E_i))/((L_i - E_i))

where O_i is observed homozygosity, L_i is the number of SNPs measured in individual i and

E_i = Sigma_(j=1)^(L_i) (1 - 2 p_j (1 - p_j) (T_(Aj))/(T_(Aj)-1))

where T_{Aj} is the number of measured genotypes at locus j; T_{Aj} is either estimated from data or provided by "n.snpfreq" parameter (vector). Allelic frequencies are either estimated from data or provided by the "snpfreq" vector.

This measure is the same as used by PLINK (see reference).

The variance (Var) is estimated as

V_{i} = \frac(1)(N) Σ_k \frac{(x_{i,k} - p_k)^2}{(p_k * (1 - p_k))}

where k changes from 1 to N = number of SNPs, x_{i,k} is a genotype of ith person at the kth SNP, coded as 0, 1/2, 1 and p_k is the frequency of the "+" allele.

Only polymorphic loci with number of measured genotypes >1 are used with this option.

This variance is used as diagonal of the genomic kinship matrix when using EIGENSTRAT method.

You should use as many people and markers as possible when estimating inbreeding/variance from marker data.

### Value

A matrix with rows corresponding to the ID names and columns showing the number of SNPs measured in this person (NoMeasured), the number of measured polymorphic SNPs (NoPoly), homozygosity (Hom), expected homozygosity (E(Hom)), variance, and the estimate of inbreeding, F.

### Author(s)

Yurii Aulchenko, partly based on code by John Barnard

### References

Purcell S. et al, (2007) PLINK: a toolset for whole genome association and population-based linkage analyses. Am. J. Hum. Genet.

ibs, gwaa.data-class, snp.data-class

### Examples

data(ge03d2)
h <- hom(ge03d2[,c(1:100)])
h[1:5,]
homsem <- h[,"Hom"]*(1-h[,"Hom"])/h[,"NoMeasured"]
plot(h[,"Hom"],homsem)
# wrong analysis: one should use all people (for right frequency) and markers (for right F) available!
h <- hom(ge03d2[,c(1:10)])
h


[Package GenABEL version 1.6-7 Index]