Estimation of polygenic model...

polygenic_hglm {GenABEL}R Documentation

Estimation of polygenic model...

Description

Estimation of polygenic model

Usage

polygenic_hglm(formula, kinship.matrix, data, family=gaussian(),
    conv=1e-06, maxit=100, ...)

Arguments

formula Formula describing fixed effects to be used in analysis, e.g. y ~ a + b means that outcome (y) depends on two covariates, a and b. If no covariates used in analysis, skip the right-hand side of the equation.
kinship.matrix Kinship matrix, as provided by e.g. ibs(,weight="freq"), or estimated outside of GenABEL from pedigree data.
data An (optional) object of gwaa.data-class or a data frame with outcome and covariates.
family a description of the error distribution and link function to be used in the mean part of the model (see family for details of family functions).
conv 'conv' parameter of hglm (stricter than default, for great precision, use 1e-8).
maxit 'maxit' parameter of hglm (stricter than default).
... other parameters passed to hglm call

Details

Estimation of polygenic model using a hierarchical generalized linear model (HGLM; Lee and Nelder 1996. hglm package; Ronnegard et al. 2010).

The algorithm gives extended quasi-likelihood (EQL) estimates for restricted maximum likelihood (REML) (Ronnegard et al. 2010). Implemented is the inter-connected GLM interpretation of HGLM (Lee and Nelder 2001). Testing on fixed and random effects estimates are directly done using inter-connected GLMs. Testing on dispersion parameters (variance components) can be done by extracting the profile likelihood function value of REML.

Author(s)

Xia Shen, Yurii Aulchenko

References

Ronnegard, L, Shen, X and Alam, M (2010). hglm: A Package For Fitting Hierarchical Generalized Linear Models. The R Journal, 2(2), 20-28.

Lee, Y and Nelder JA (2001). Hierarchical generalised linear models: A synthesis of generalised linear models, random-effect models and structured dispersions. Biometrika, 88(4), 987-1006.

Lee, Y and Nelder JA (1996). Hierarchical Generalized Linear Models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B, 58(4), 619-678.

See Also

polygenic, mmscore, grammar

Examples

data(ge03d2ex.clean)
df <- ge03d2ex.clean[,autosomal(ge03d2ex.clean)]
gkin <- ibs(df,w="freq")

# ----- for quantitative traits
h2ht <- polygenic_hglm(height ~ sex + age, kin = gkin, df)
# ----- estimate of heritability
h2ht$esth2
# ----- other parameters
h2ht$h2an

# ----- test the significance of fixed effects 
# ----- (e.g. quantitative trait)
h2ht <- polygenic_hglm(height ~ sex + age, kin = gkin, df)
# ----- summary with standard errors and p-values
summary(h2ht$hglm)
# ----- output for the fixed effects part
# ...
# MEAN MODEL
# Summary of the fixed effects estimates 
#              Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)    
# (Intercept) 169.53525    2.57624  65.807  < 2e-16 ***
# sex          14.10694    1.41163   9.993  4.8e-15 ***
# age          -0.15332    0.05208  -2.944  0.00441 ** 
# ---
# Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1 
# Note: P-values are based on 69 degrees of freedom
# ...
# ----- extract fixed effects estimates and standard errors
h2ht$h2an

# test the significance of polygenic effect
h2ht <- polygenic_hglm(height ~ sex + age, kin = gkin, df, method = 'REML')
nullht <- lm(height ~ sex + age, df)
l1 <- h2ht$ProfLogLik
l0 <- as.numeric(logLik(nullht))
# the likelihood ratio test (LRT) statistic
(S <- -2*(l0 - l1))
# 5% right-tailed significance cutoff 
# for 50:50 mixture distribution between point mass 0 and \chi^{2}(1)
# Self, SG and Liang KY (1987) Journal of the American Statistical Association.
qchisq(((1 - .05) - .50)/.50, 1)
# p-value
pchisq(S, 1, lower.tail = FALSE)/2

#' # ----- for binary traits
h2dm <- polygenic_hglm(dm2 ~ sex + age, kin = gkin, df, family = binomial(link = 'logit'))
# ----- estimated parameters
h2dm$h2an

[Package GenABEL version 1.6-7 Index]