Fast score test for association...

qtscore {GenABEL}R Documentation

Fast score test for association...

Description

Fast score test for association

Usage

qtscore(formula, data, snpsubset, idsubset, strata,
    trait.type="gaussian", times=1, quiet=FALSE, bcast=10,
    clambda=TRUE, propPs=1, details=TRUE)

Arguments

formula Formula describing fixed effects to be used in analysis, e.g. y ~ a + b means that outcome (y) depends on two covariates, a and b. If no covariates used in analysis, skip the right-hand side of the equation.
data An object of gwaa.data-class
snpsubset ndex, character or logical vector with subset of SNPs to run analysis on. If missing, all SNPs from data are used for analysis.
idsubset ndex, character or logical vector with subset of IDs to run analysis on. If missing, all people from data/cc are used for analysis.
strata Stratification variable. If provieded, scores are computed within strata and then added up.
trait.type "gaussian" or "binomial" or "guess" (later option guesses trait type)
times If more then one, the number of replicas to be used in derivation of empirical genome-wide significance. See emp.qtscore, which calls qtscore with times>1 for details
quiet do not print warning messages
bcast If the argument times > 1, progress is reported once in bcast replicas
clambda If inflation facot Lambda is estimated as lower then one, this parameter controls if the original P1df (clambda=TRUE) to be reported in Pc1df, or the original 1df statistics is to be multiplied onto this "deflation" factor (clambda=FALSE). If a numeric value is provided, it is used as a correction factor.
propPs proportion of non-corrected P-values used to estimate the inflation factor Lambda, passed directly to the estlambda
details when FALSE, SNP and ID names are not reported in the returned object (saves some memory). This is experimental and will be not mantained anymore as soon as we achieve better memory efficiency for storage of SNP and ID names (currently default R character data type used)

Details

Fast score test for association between a trait and genetic polymorphism

When formula contains covariates, the traits is analysed using GLM and later residuals used when score test is computed for each of the SNPs in analysis. Coefficients of regression are reported for the quantitative trait.

For binary traits, odds ratios (ORs) are reportted. When adjustemnt is performed, first, "response" residuals are estimated after adjustment for covariates and scaled to [0,1]. Reported effects are approximately equal to ORs expected in logistic regression model.

With no adjustment for binary traits, 1 d.f., the test is equivalent to the Armitage test.

This is a valid function to analyse GWA data, including X chromosome. For X chromosome, stratified analysis is performed (strata=sex).

Value

Object of class scan.gwaa-class

Author(s)

Yurii Aulchenko

References

Aulchenko YS, de Koning DJ, Haley C. Genomewide rapid association using mixed model and regression: a fast and simple method for genome-wide pedigree-based quantitative trait loci association analysis. Genetics. 2007 177(1):577-85.

Amin N, van Duijn CM, Aulchenko YS. A genomic background based method for association analysis in related individuals. PLoS ONE. 2007 Dec 5;2(12):e1274.

See Also

mlreg, mmscore, egscore, emp.qtscore, plot.scan.gwaa, scan.gwaa-class

Examples

data(srdta)
#qtscore with stratification
a <- qtscore(qt3~sex,data=srdta)
plot(a)
b <- qtscore(qt3,strata=phdata(srdta)$sex,data=srdta)
add.plot(b,col="green",cex=2)
# qtscore with extra adjustment
a <- qtscore(qt3~sex+age,data=srdta)
a
plot(a)
# compare results of score and chi-square test for binary trait
a1 <- ccfast("bt",data=srdta,snps=c(1:100))
a2 <- qtscore(bt,data=srdta,snps=c(1:100),trait.type="binomial")
plot(a1,ylim=c(0,2))
add.plot(a2,col="red",cex=1.5)
# the good thing about score test is that we can do adjustment...
a2 <- qtscore(bt~age+sex,data=srdta,snps=c(1:100),trait.type="binomial")
points(a2[,"Position"],-log10(a2[,"P1df"]),col="green")

[Package GenABEL version 1.6-7 Index]